How to protect your skin from the sun’s UV rays

Almost everyone protects the skin that is exposed to the sun with cream, avoiding putting protection on the one that is dressed, since the clothes avoid the action of the sun, but is this really true?

We have always thought that clothing is the best protection against the effect of sunlight, one of the best shields that exists when it comes to isolating the skin and ensuring that it is not affected by harmful radiation from sunlight. This is not true at all, since it will depend on the type of clothing for it to be more or less effective.

The main skin problems of this time are related to the increase in the intensity of ultraviolet radiation from the sun , and the increased exposure to irritating and allergic substances. How to take care of yourself?


Increase sun protection

People with very light skin or with certain types of skin problems (sun spots, melasma, rosacea …) should apply more sun protection . At this time inflammatory skin reactions caused by ultraviolet radiation from the sun and contact with plants, medicines, perfumes or dyes can occur more frequently .

The polymorphous light eruption is another inflammatory skin disorder that typically affects young women with clear skin and in most cases appear in spring. In all these cases, photoprotection is the key to treatment and prevention.

Moisturizes the skin

It is a time of year when you can increase dry skin and allergies . For this reason it is important to regularly hydrate the skin from the beginning of this season, with creams to increase its barrier effect . It also often happens that when you start to use less clothes you can see warts or moles that worry or bother. In certain cases, its analysis will be necessary.


Perform rejuvenation treatments

The facials are a good resource for little hydrated skin without brightness. At this time of the year facial mesotherapy is used to revitalize the deep tissues of the skin, and if it is necessary to improve volume in areas such as the lips, cheekbones or other areas of the face, hyaluronic acid fillers are recommended. However, at this time, treatments that affect the skin’s surface, such as chemical peels, are not recommended.

How to choose the right clothes to protect me from the sun’s rays?

The protection from ultraviolet rays that clothing offers us depends on four factors: color, type of material, fiber density and thickness.

Being dressed when we are in the sun is not a guarantee of being protected, as clothing is not always a good way of protection. Depending on the fabric we are wearing, we will have a greater chance of being affected by sunlight than if we were wearing other types of clothing. For this reason, we are going to see the most important factors that must be taken into account when it comes to ensuring that clothing is adequate to protect ourselves from the effects of the sun.

The color of the clothes

The color of the clothes is one of the factors to take into account, and it is that in summer we tend to wear light colors when really this type of color does not protect us from the sun’s rays, but it is the darker colors that They will present greater protection because they reflect much of the light that reaches them, preventing it from penetrating the skin. For this reason it will be necessary that if we are going to expose ourselves to the sun we cover our body with protective cream or with dark-colored clothing.

The clothing material

The type of material with which the fabric is made is another factor to consider when protecting us more or less from ultraviolet radiation. The most natural fabrics, such as cotton, silk, linen … do not offer good protection against ultraviolet radiation. Other fabrics, such as polyester, protect a little more from radiation, although they are not suitable for long periods of time in the sun. The most protective fabric is wool, which completely isolates the skin from radiation.

The thickness of the clothes

Another point to take into account is the density of the tissue since its thickness is something that is very important, because the fatter it is, the more it will protect us from ultraviolet rays and the action they have on our skin. The thickness will often overcome the factors mentioned above, since if a light-colored garment and a fiber that lets radiation through is thick, it will protect much more than one that is not.

Protection degree classification: Ultraviolet Protection Factor (FPU) 

Like protective creams, clothing also has its own system of classification according to degrees of protection, the ultraviolet protection factor (FPU) that indicates the amount of solar ultraviolet radiation that a garment is capable of absorbing. (Example: a 50 protection means that only one in fifty sun rays can pass through the tissue, which reduces the exposure of the skin to radiation vary considerably)

Basic tips when choosing clothes that protect us from the sun

  • Use tight fabrics, as they do not let lightning shine through.
  • Choose garments that cover all of your exposed skin: long sleeves, long legs, and closed collars. This provides the best possible protection in exposed areas.
  • In summer, since the clothes that are usually used are cotton, lighter and thinner, it is necessary to use sunscreen cream under the clothes. You can also use certain special detergents that provide sun protection factor to fabrics.
  • Wear a cap or hat: The face and head receive a lot of ultraviolet rays. Choose light-colored hats outside to reflect radiation and keep your head cool. Of course, the lining that is dark on the wing to prevent radiation from being reflected on the face.

To consider

There are some situations in which clothing is not enough and in which you should be especially careful:

  • Strolling by the water or on the sand. Water reflects and increases the power of the sun’s rays that directly affect your skin. The sand also reflects 30% of the radiation that falls on it. It is important to use protective cream in these circumstances.
  • Car windows. They hardly have a protective function (about 60% of solar radiation passes through a conventional glass. Tinted windows do act as a protective factor of up to 80.
  • The grass, and more if it is humid, reflects 20% of the radiation it receives. Be careful lying on the grass without using sun protection.

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